Transcultural validation of the perceived person-environment fit scale in a French context

Theories and methodologies
By Marie Andela, Margot van der Doef, Florent Lheureux

English

Our aim was to test the transcultural validity of the multidimensional model and measure of person-environment fit (PE-fit) of Chuang et al. (2016) in a French context. This approach differentiates four types of PE-fit: person-job fit, person-organization fit, person-group fit and person-supervisor fit. Studies analyzing jointly their effects on job-outcomes are scarce and have generally used different scales that were not derived from the same validation procedures. One exception is the Perceived Person-Environment Fit Scale (PPEFS). However, it has only been used on non-European samples. Thus, the transcultural validity of the PPEFS and its underlying model are currently insufficiently evidenced. After application of recommended transcultural validation procedures (blind translation/back-translation, verification of content-validity, item-clarity and cross-language equivalence with bilingual experts and employees), 571 French participants from diverse occupational sectors participated in a survey including measures of burnout, job satisfaction, turnover intention and the PPEFS. Confirmatory factor analyses replicate the expected superordinate multifactor-structure. Furthermore, each PE-fit dimension was distinctively associated with at least one of the job outcomes (positively with job satisfaction and professional self-efficacy, negatively with emotional exhaustion, cynicism and turnover intention), providing external-validity to their distinction.

Keywords

  • Person-environment fit
  • transcultural replicability
  • burnout
  • turnover intention
  • job satisfaction
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